(libertés, justice, santé, système scolaire, éducatif, marché de l'éducation, homeschooling ... aux USA et en Angleterre)
AMERICAN WAY OF LIFE
BRITISH WAY OF LIFE
Home schooling : Chronologie de 6 mois d'agitation.
- 28 février
2008 : A l'occasion d'un procès
pour maltraitances ("child abuse")
au sein d'une famille créationniste de 8 enfants instruits "à la maison",
une décision de justice limite le droit au "homeschooling" (ou plus exactement, en rappelle les conditions d'exercice !) :
Seuls les parents possèdant les diplômes nécessaires seraient autorisés à pratiquer "l'école à la maison".
- mars 2008 : Toutes
les ligues conservatrices sont sur le pied de guerre.
Et Arnold Schwarzenegger, suivi par le "ministre" de l'éducation de l'Etat, les a aussitôt assurées de son soutien...
"This outrageous ruling must be overturned by the courts and if the courts don't protect parents' rights then, as elected officials, we will."
23 juin 2008 : Suite
à un intense lobbying (mail-bombing, harcèlement des medias
et des responsables politiques à quelques mois des élections),
la Cour d'Appel accepte de réexaminer sa décision du 28 février.
Après avoir auditionné les parties en présence,
elle dispose de trois mois pour confirmer ou infirmer sa lecture de la loi concernant le homeschooling.
août 2008 : la
Cour d'appel dit que la loi californienne permet - n'interdit pas -
sous certaines conditions, le home schooling,
ce droit des parents pouvant être supprimé lorsqu’un enfant est "en danger".
Mais ... rappelle que la déclaration n'étant pas obligatoire,
beaucoup de familles s'en dispensent, rendant de ce fait toutes statistiques comme tout "contrôle" parfaitement aléatoires.
Et ... que la loi californienne a constamment, et depuis des décennies, été contournée et soumise à "d'"obscurs arrangements" !
Depuis une bonne vingtaine d'années,
en France aussi, évidemment, le "chèque éducation"
(ou "bon scolaire") - en anglais "voucher" -
fait partie d'un blabla yakaiste au sujet des indispensables réformes, "simples, urgentes et radicales", disent-ils, du système scolaire.
USA 2008 : "dans le Milwaukee, il n'y a pas eu de miracle" (Sol Stern).
L'un des plus fervents promoteurs du chèque-éducation aux USA, Sol Stern, vient de faire brusquement volte-face
en affirmant, constats à l'appui, que le voucher n’avait pas du tout amélioré le système public.
Après avoir depuis longtemps réclamé, soutenu et contribué au développement des vouchers et des charter schools,
Sol Stern pointe les défauts et les insuffisances du voucher. Il cite, entre autres, l’expérimentation de Milwaukee,
première ville aux États-Unis à adopter, en 1990, un programme chèque éducation.
Californie : Près
d'un lycéen sur 4 "décroche" entre 15 et 18 ans
(rapport du state Department of Education - 7 juillet 2008)
public schools seek private money just to cover the basics
Depuis 1978 (mais dès 1966, Ronald Reagan devenait gouverneur de Californie), la forte diminution du financement des écoles publiques,
a conduit les associations de parents à financer voyages, classes vertes, équipements sportifs ou informatiques.
Aujourd'hui, elles tentent de sauver des postes d'enseignants !
Schwarzenegger ayant encore réduit le budget de 4,8 milliards de dollars, 20000 postes sont menacés dans son état.
Qui arrive en 46ème position (/50) en matière de financement des écoles publiques.
De plus en plus de parents américains chrétiens choisissent
d'éduquer leurs enfants à la maison
George W. Bush a tout fait pour se concilier les adeptes de l'enseignement à domicile.
universitaires contestent l'interprétation du "Los Angeles
Times" au sujet de la récente décision de la Cour
d'Appel, visant à rappeler que l'école, publique ou "privée",
... Et que le homeschooling ne peut être, n'est, qu'une exception/option : soumise à des règles, et des contrôles.
Ce que l'éditorial du L.A.T. admet d'ailleurs volontiers...
budget éducation réduit de 10% :
plus de 20 000 licenciements.
Depuis 1988, en application de la Proposition 98, les établissements scolaires avaient l'assurance de disposer chaque année d'un budget au moins égal à celui de l’année précédente, leur permettant de planifier leurs dépenses de personnel.
Arnold Schwarzenegger, le Gouverneur de l'Etat californien, vient d'annoncer la suspension de ce dispositif de financement et la réduction du budget éducation de 10% (c'est-à-dire de plus de 2,6 milliards d’euros) pour la prochaine année scolaire.
californienne des enseignants, estime le nombre de licenciements
pour les 32 districts à plus de 20000 (enseignants contractuels
et divers personnels).
"Dans cet état de pleine santé et d'innovation, comment pouvons-nous le justifier ?"
(un "superintendant" d'établissements scolaires : ci-dessous)
Teachers, students pay cost of state's budgetary uncertainty
JOE FIMIANI is interim Santa Clara County
superintendent of schools.
With the mid-March deadline looming, the majority of Santa Clara County's 32 school districts in recent days have been sending layoff notices to teachers and other certificated staff members.
The districts don't know how many teachers will have to be laid off. In fact, they don't even know whether teachers will have to be laid off. But with the announced intention of Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger to cut state expenditures across the board by 10 percent next year, most school administrators feel they have no recourse but to take their best guess on how many notices to send.
It's difficult to convey the effect this has - both on those who receive the notices, and on those who send them. As a former teacher and principal who has been on the receiving end, I can say it is unnerving, demoralizing and thought-provoking. (One thought it provokes is, "Why the heck am I in this profession?")
And today, as an administrator whose office just sent out 42 of these notices, I am sick about the notion that we might lose qualified, skilled classroom teachers who are extremely hard to replace. Even if they are not laid off later, they certainly will begin to explore other professional options now.
This exercise in budgetary uncertainty plays out annually; some years it is more painful than others. This is one of those years. Although the state's tortuous (and torturous) budget process is notorious for putting state agencies in fiscal limbo while the final figures are hashed out, the state's voters attempted to lend some stability to the process in 1988, when they approved Proposition 98.
The philosophy of
the proposition was simple.
But this year, the certainty is being threatened. The governor has said he wants to suspend Proposition 98, which would allow him to cut more than $4 billion in education funding. The sentiment among some in Sacramento is that Proposition 98 will have to be suspended in order to reach a deal on the budget.
This is a misguided, reckless idea. Lawmakers cannot simply jerk away Proposition 98 as if they are magicians yanking a tablecloth from underneath the plates and stemware, and expect everything to remain standing and unbroken. California already ranks near the bottom nationally in per-student funding. And that is with the protective base of Proposition 98 in place. Just how far are we willing to let our schools plummet in funding? Are we destined for the shame of becoming dead-last?
In a state of magnificent wealth and innovation such as ours, how can we justify this?
My greatest concern is the effect these draconian cuts would have on student learning. We have made significant progress in our schools in recent years. The trend line of test scores has been one of gradual, steady increase since testing started.
This is no time to stop the flow of resources and energy that schools throughout the state have channeled toward student achievement.
Our students did nothing to cause the financial difficulties we face today. It does not make sense to fashion a solution at their expense. They would suffer for it now and for the rest of their lives. And, as part of the community in which they will live and work, so will the rest of us.
This is why I have joined the superintendents of our county's school districts in an effort to fight the notion that Proposition 98 is expendable, and subject to the whim of the governor and legislators. Our children deserve better. Everyone seems to agree, year in and year out, that the education of our children is one of our highest priorities and most compelling duties.
It's time for our
actions to live up to our words.
"Of the more than 400 teachers in the Morgan Hill Unified School District, 28 of them have received so-called "pink slips" as the district prepares to deal with a projected $3 million deficit for the 2008-09 school year.
School districts up and down this state are sending out pink slips to tens of thousands of hard-working, dedicated teachers, administrators, and school staff, not because our state faces a spending problem, but because we face a priorities problem," he said. "Over the past five years, California schools have been making steady gains in student achievement thanks to our high standards, effective reforms, and the dedication and passion of these same educators. Today this progress and the future of our students are in grave jeopardy."
WAY OF LIFE
extrémistes chrétiens en campagne pour Bush
évangéliques : La
secte qui veut conquérir le monde
Les croisés américains du Home Schooling. Liée à l’église évangélique : la "Home School Legal Defense Association"
Les créationnistes jouent sur du velours. Selon un sondage CBS de novembre 2004, 55 % des Américains croient que "Dieu a créé les humains dans leur forme actuelle" (67 % des républicains ; 47 % des démocrates)
Écoles poudrières aux États-Unis. "Pourquoi des jeunes se sentent-ils exclus et se vengent en tuant. C'est la vraie question, conclut le professeur Vianno. Et comme personne ne veut se la poser aux Etats-Unis, cela va continuer".
meurtres d'élèves dans les écoles américaines
Des aberrations scientifiques pour mieux prêcher la chasteté. Cette année, 40 des 50 Etats doivent faire face à diverses procédures visant à contester l'enseignement de la théorie de l'évolution dans les écoles publiques.
Quelque 6000 étudiants sont attendus sur le campus "sans péché" (l’Ave Maria University), qui ne connaîtra ni préservatifs ou autre moyen de contraception, ni homosexualité, ni avortement. "L’Ave Maria University doit devenir l’"académie militaire de la spiritualité"...
La chute de l’éducation supérieure américaine. Les bourses accordées aux étudiants pauvres couvraient 70% du coût des études dans les années 90 contre la moitié aujourd’hui. L’étude souligne l’importante inégalité entre riches et pauvres en matière d’éducation supérieure.
Etats-Unis : Une année d’étude à 50 000 dollars. L’Université privée George Washington est devenue la première université américaine à réclamer aux étudiants de premier cycle (undergraduates) plus de 50 000 dollars par an, soit 39 000 dollars pour les cours et 11 000 dollars de droits d’inscription. De façon générale (secteur privé et public confondu), les frais de scolarité et les droits d’inscription pour le premier cycle d’étude ont augmenté au cours des cinq dernières années de 35%.
Un établissement scolaire de Californie oblige désormais
ses élèves à porter des badges qui permettent de suivre
leur moindre mouvement, comme
pour le bétail.
45 millions de personnes sans système de santé dans le pays le plus riche du monde.
L’abstinence sexuelle renforcée : 131 millions de dollars (augmentation de 30 millions) pour les programmes fédéraux vantant auprès des collégiens et lycéens américains les mérites de l’inexistence d’une vie sexuelle avant le mariage.
est le véritable message des chrétiens évangéliques
Expulsion de missionnaires évangéliques américains du mouvement "Nouvelles tribus" installés dans des régions à forte population indienne. Sous couvert d’évangélisation : exploitation illimitée et illégale des ressources naturelles en territoires indiens, au profit de compagnies nord-américaines comme General Dynamics et Westinghouse, elles-mêmes liées à l’industrie militaire et au constructeur automobile Ford. Cette organisation compterait une flotte d’aviation, pistes d’atterrissage, et puissant réseau de télécommunications. Plus grave, l’organisation est accusée de s’être servi de communautés entières, Yanomami entre autres, pour des expérimentations génétiques.
A Montreuil, "un pasteur miracle" américain attire les foules.
"Le racisme aux Etats-Unis est un monstre tapi". Beaucoup d'Américains voient La Nouvelle-Orléans comme un lieu de péché. Pour eux, les inondations sont un moyen de se débarrasser de la prostitution, du crime et de la drogue, et de favoriser les investissements.
L’implantation de puces sous-cutanées autorisée sur des individus.
Le nombre total des armes à feu en circulation aux Etats-Unis est estimé à plus de 200 millions, dont 65 millions d'armes de poing, pour une population totale de 284 millions d'habitants. Selon des statistiques gouvernementales remontant à la fin des années 90, les armes à feu sont la cause de la mort d'un enfant ou adolescent toutes les deux heures, par crime, accident ou suicide. En 1997, ces armes ont été responsables de la mort de 32.436 personnes, selon ces mêmes statistiques.
Ce vent punitif qui vient d'Amérique. Il ne reste alors qu’à entonner l’antienne tocquevillienne de l’initiative citoyenne pour justifier l’importation en France des techniques locales de maintien de l’ordre américaines.
Les Etats-Unis comptaient à la fin de l'an 2000 un nombre record de plus de deux millions de détenus.
... Autrement dit, doit-on se réjouir de vivre dans un État laïque ? Et il a eu la mauvaise surprise de constater que pour tous ces indicateurs sans exception, son propre pays, au demeurant le plus dévot de tous, réalise les plus mauvais scores, et même souvent de très loin.
Québécois fréquentent des écoles "clandestines"
pentecôtistes. Les écoles pentecôtistes
enseignent notamment le créationnisme.
temps pour les mouches !
peu pollueuse, paie le prix fort du réchauffement climatique
BRITISH WAY OF LIFE
Le "modèle" anglo-saxon, libéral ... et blairo-socialiste...
Une décision de justice limite le droit au "homeschooling"
(ou plus exactement, en rappelle les conditions d'exercice...)
Seuls les parents possèdant les diplômes nécessaires seraient autorisés à pratiquer "l'école à la maison".
Le 28 février 2008, une décision en Cour d'Appel précise cette condition, à l'occasion d'une Nième affaire concernant une famille régulièrement signalée par les services sociaux pour divers motifs dont celui de brutalités envers certains de leurs huit enfants...
La cour d'appel a estimé que la surveillance occasionnelle par une école paroissiale était insuffisante pour prétexter une inscription dans une école privée. Les parents ne possèdant pas le niveau suffisant pour un enseignement, elle a estimé qu'ils avaient enfreint la loi.
"Les parents n'ont aucun droit constutionnel à enseigner leurs
enfants à domicile", disent les 3 juges de la cour d'appel.
Le père a déclaré que l'école publique est en conflit avec ses croyances : "elle enseigne l'évolution, à laquelle je ne crois pas. Mon épouse passe six heures par jour à enseigner la lecture, l'écriture, les maths, les sciences, l'éducation physique et la Bible".
Toutes les ligues conservatrices sont sur le pied de guerre.
Et Arnold Schwarzenegger les a aussitôt assurées
de son soutien...
... Suivi par le "ministre" de l'éducation de l'Etat : "/.../Within the public school system there are a range of options available. Students can take independent study classes, attend a charter school, or participate in non-classroom-based programs. But some parents choose to send their children to private schools or to home school, and I respect that right./..."
Parmi les "réactions" extrêmement pittoresques et aussi savoureuses que d'habitude :
"this is a danger for Christian parenthood
and will resolve the God given authority of the parents.
"As if the government doesn't already
have their hands in too many things.
"These Marxist's won't be happy until they destroy this Country."
"This is wrong. Judges have over stepped
Bill on home schooling rights urged
Governor criticizes court requirement of a teaching credential and says he will move to protect practice.
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger called Friday for the reversal of a recent appellate court decision banning parents from educating their children at home if they lack a teaching credential. If the state Supreme Court fails to act, the governor vowed to push through legislation guaranteeing families' right to home school.
"This outrageous ruling must be overturned by the courts and if the courts don't protect parents' rights then, as elected officials, we will," he said in a written statement.
Schwarzenegger's comments about the ruling came as home schooling families and national conservative leaders expressed increased concerns over the practice that they believe every parent has a fundamental right to exercise.
On Feb. 28, the 2nd District Court of Appeal ruled that parents must have a teaching credential to home school their children. The decision has not yet gone into effect and it is unlikely to be enforced pending appeals to the state Supreme Court by attorneys representing Phillip and Mary Long, the Lynwood couple at the center of the case, and others.
The California Department of Education allows home schooling as long as parents file paperwork with the state establishing themselves as small private schools, hire credentialed tutors or enroll their children in independent study programs run by charter or private schools or public school districts while still teaching at home.
California does little to enforce those provisions and insists it is the local school districts' responsibility. In addition, state education officials say some parents home school their children without the knowledge of any entity.
The Pacific Justice Institute, which is representing a parochial school that is popular with home schoolers, including the Long family, plans to appeal the ruling.
The institute estimates that there are as many as 166,000 California students who are home schooled. State education department officials, whose Sacramento offices were picketed by home schooling families Friday, said there is no way of knowing the true number.
State Supt. of Public Instruction Jack O'Connell spoke out about the ruling for the first time Friday at a news conference in Alameda in which he reaffirmed his support for parents to educate their children as they see fit while urging them to work with institutions to ensure that their children will be successful.
"Whatever works best for that family, he would support as long as the children are getting a good education," department spokeswoman Pam Slater said.
"He wants home school parents to make sure they have partnerships with school districts or charter schools to make sure they have the right curriculum, everything a child needs to succeed and get into college," Slater said.
Conservative leaders across the nation also weighed in on the matter, with evangelist James C. Dobson interrupting his "Focus on the Family" radio program's regular programming to discuss the ruling.
"What has occurred is yet another egregious decision handed down by a California appeals court that strikes at the very heart and soul of families and their children," he said Friday morning. "The court has assaulted parental rights again and this time with a sledgehammer."
The Virginia-based Home School Legal Defense Assn. also started an online petition to urge the state Supreme Court to "depublish" the ruling, meaning it would apply only to the family in question and not set a precedent.
Thousands of supporters from across the nation were signing the petition every hour, and by 6:30 p.m., it had more than 82,000 signatures.
In California, hundreds of worried home school families have been inundating the state Department of Education, the offices of the governor and state legislators as well as home school advocacy groups with phone calls and e-mails.
"We're very busy" answering phones, said Susan Beatty, co-founder of the Norwalk-based Christian Home Educators Assn. of California. "Most of them are confused and just want to be reassured. There is some talk that home school is illegal after today, which is, of course, not true."
Beatty said the group was telling parents, "There's no reason to be afraid, they can continue to home school as they have in the past."
The appellate court ruling stemmed from a case involving the Longs, who were repeatedly referred to the Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services over various allegations, including charges of physical abuse involving some of their eight children.
A lawyer appointed to represent two of the Long's young children requested that the court require them to physically attend a public or private school where adults could monitor their well-being.
The appellate court ruled that a parochial school's occasional monitoring
of the children's education is insufficient to qualify as being enrolled
in a private school, and because Mary Long does not hold a teaching credential,
the court determined that the family is breaking state law.
Ruling seen as a threat to many home-schooling families
State appellate court says those who teach children in private must have a credential.
Parents who lack teaching credentials cannot educate their children at home, according to a state appellate court ruling that is sending waves of fear through California's home schooling families.
Advocates for the families vowed to appeal the decision to the state Supreme Court. Enforcement until then appears unlikely, but if the ruling stands, home-schooling supporters say California will have the most regressive law in the nation.
"This decision is a direct hit against every home schooler in California," said Brad Dacus, president of the Pacific Justice Institute, which represents the Sunland Christian School, which specializes in religious home schooling. "If the state Supreme Court does not reverse this . . . there will be nothing to prevent home-school witch hunts from being implemented in every corner of the state of California."
The institute estimates there are as many as 166,000 California students who are home schooled. State Department of Education officials say there is no way to know the true number.
Unlike at least 30 other states, home schooling is not specifically addressed in California law. Under the state education code, students must be enrolled in a public or private school, or can be taught at home by a credentialed tutor.
The California Department of Education currently allows home schooling as long as parents file paperwork with the state establishing themselves as small private schools, hire credentialed tutors or enroll their children in independent study programs run by charter or private schools or public school districts while still teaching at home.
California does little to enforce those provisions and insists it is the local school districts' responsibility. In addition, state education officials say some parents home school their children without the knowledge of any entity.
Home schoolers and government officials have largely accepted this murky arrangement.
"This works so well, I don't see any reason to change it," said J. Michael
Smith, president of the Virginia-based Home School Legal Defense Assn.
The appellate court ruling stems from a case involving Lynwood parents Phillip and Mary Long, who were repeatedly referred to the Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services over various allegations, including claims of physical abuse, involving some of their eight children.
All of the children are currently or had been enrolled in Sunland Christian School, where they would occasionally take tests, but were educated in their home by their mother, Phillip Long said.
A lawyer appointed to represent two of the Long's young children requested that the court require them to physically attend a public or private school where adults could monitor their well-being. A trial court disagreed, but the children's lawyer appealed to the 2nd District Court of Appeal, which has jurisdiction over Los Angeles, Ventura, Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo counties.
The appellate panel ruled that Sunland officials' occasional monitoring of the Longs' home schooling -- with the children taking some tests at the school -- is insufficient to qualify as being enrolled in a private school. Since Mary Long does not have a teaching credential, the family is violating state laws, the ruling said.
"Parents do not have a constitutional right to home school their children," wrote Justice H. Walter Croskey in a Feb. 28 opinion signed by the two other members of the district court. "Parents who fail to [comply with school enrollment laws] may be subject to a criminal complaint against them, found guilty of an infraction, and subject to imposition of fines or an order to complete a parent education and counseling program."
Phillip Long said he believes the ruling stems from hostility against Christians and vowed to appeal to the state Supreme Court.
"I have sincerely held religious beliefs," he said. "Public schools conflict with that. I have to go with what my conscience requires me."
Public schools teach such topics as evolution, which Long said he doesn't believe in. He said his wife spends six hours each day teaching their children reading, writing, math, science, health, physical education, Bible and social studies. Court papers say Mary Long's education ended at 11th grade.
It's unclear if the ruling will be enforced, given the likely appeals. Typically, these rulings take effect 30 days after they are issued.
Other organizations that plan to get involved include the Pacific Justice Institute, Home School Legal Defense Assn. and the Home School Assn. of California.
Meanwhile, state Department of Education's attorneys are reviewing the ruling.
Teachers union officials will also be closely monitoring the appeal. A.J. Duffy, president of United Teachers Los Angeles, said he agrees with the ruling.
"What's best for a child is to be taught by a credentialed teacher," he said.
While many educators and officials remained unfamiliar with the ruling Tuesday, news about it has been sweeping websites and blogs devoted to home schooling. Organizations have been getting tense phone calls from parents worried that they will be targeted.
Families who home school includethose whose religious beliefs conflict with public schools and those whose children are in the entertainment industry or have other time-consuming activities that require them to study at an individualized pace.
Glenn and Kathleen, a Sacramento-area couple who requested that their last name not be used for fear of prosecution, home school their 9-year-old son Hunter because their Christian beliefs would be contradicted in a public school setting, Glenn said. He is troubled by the idea that his son would be exposed to teachings about evolution, homosexuality, same-sex marriage and sex education .
"I want to have control over what goes in my son's head, not what's put in there by people who might be on the far left who have their own ideas about indoctrinating kids," he said.
If the ruling takes effect, Glenn vowed to move his family out of state.
I can't home school my son in California, we're going to have to end up
leaving California. That's how important it is to me."
Home-schoolers "in shock" over court ruling
National and California home-schooling advocates are banding together to fight a state court ruling they say could essentially outlaw the practice of allowing parents to teach their children at home.
The Home School Legal Defense Association (HSLDA) and the Home School
Association of California (HSC) say the court decision, which said home-schooling
parents must have a valid state teaching license and they have no constitutional
right to home-school, takes aim at the education programs many families
use to get exemption from the public school system.
The Los Angeles-based case began when the county petitioned to have two home-schooled children enrolled in public or private school after an older sibling accused the father of abuse. A lower state court ruled against that idea, citing a constitutional right held by parents to educate their children at home. The appeals court disagreed and reversed that ruling.
"California courts have held that under provisions in the Education Code, parents do not have a constitutional right to educate their children in their own home," said the Feb. 28 ruling by the California Appellate Court for the second district.
"It's c1ear to us that enrollment and attendance in a public full-time day school is required by California law for minor children," it stated, laying out the few exceptions to that rule, including if the child is enrolled in and attends a private full-time day school or if the child is tutored by a person holding a valid state teaching credential for the grade being taught.
The court said none of these exemptions apply to the case, in which the mother did not hold a teaching credential but taught her children at home through an extension, or independent study program, of Sunland Christian School, where the children were officially enrolled. The court said that setup doesn't qualify as private school attendance or a credentialed tutor under state law.
But Mr. Smith said for years, California parents have been allowed to home-school their children under the private school exemption, either by establishing themselves as small private schools or using an extension program or independent study program of an existing private school.
The court ruling threatens these setups, he said, and could be used
to require parents to get credentials. If it stands, Mr. Smith estimates
it would only allow 10 percent of the current California home-schooling
families to continue.
Fred Glass, spokesman for the California Federation of Teachers, said
requiring a child's teacher to hold astate teaching credential is hardly
a bad thing.
Mr. Smith said no other states are atlempting a similar move on home-schooling,
but he said if the California ruling stands, other states may try to mimic
it. State laws on home-schooling vary, though ail allow it to some degree.
According to the HSC, the family in this case ''was not the one we would
have picked for a home-school test case." Still, the organization insisted
the court got it wrong, and the decision, "means that ail educational alternatives
could be construed as iIIegal, from home-schooling to distance learning
to [independent study programs]."
"Absolute confusion," she said of the ruling. "None of us know."
Les croisés américains du Home Schooling
"Ne soyez pas satisfait du statu quo.
Avocat du Home School Legal Defense Association
(HSLDA), une association de Virginie,
Son organisation est liée à l'église
Week présente cette croisade et ses difficultés.
U.S. Home Schoolers
Push Movement Around the World
Efforts lead to growth of home instruction in other countries.
By Mary Ann Zehr , Warrenton, Va.
Education Week - Vol. 25, Issue 16, Page 8 - 01/04/06
From his cozy home office here, Christopher J. Klicka is dispensing
advice to two evangelical Christian ministers who also happen to be home-schooling
dads from Japan.
Mr. Klicka, 44, has long been fighting that battle stateside as a lawyer for the Home School Legal Defense Association in Purcellville, Va. Since its founding in 1983, the nonprofit organization run by evangelical Christians has defended families who want to home-school and has lobbied for laws to making home schooling legal and less regulated.
For the past decade, though, Mr. Klicka has been a home-schooling missionary abroad as well. He has visited other countries to help parents set up organizations modeled after the U.S.-based one. According to the association’s Web site, www. hslda.org, he or some other of the group’s staff or 80,000 members have helped home schoolers in 24 countries.
Mr. Klicka says that while in the past decade some countries—including South Africa and Taiwan—have legalized home schooling, many countries still don’t have explicit laws for home schooling, and some countries that have legalized the practice have burdensome regulations. The HSLDA advises home schoolers on how to be better advocates. For example, if the country permits private schooling, Mr. Klicka counsels them to argue that home schooling is a form of private schooling.
Mr. Yoshii and Mr. Oyama estimate that some 300 Japanese families—about
a third of them Christian—teach their children at home, stemming, they
say, from the bullying and extreme competition in Japanese schools.
One of the biggest problems home-schooling parents face in Japan is ostracism by other Japanese, some Christians included, according to Mr. Oyama. He and his wife, Kathy, an American, began home-schooling their four children in California, where they lived for about a decade. A year ago, the family moved to Japan, Mr. Oyama’s homeland, where he is the pastor of a church of about 250 members.
Hiroshi Kamiyo, the education counselor for the Embassy of Japan, in Washington, said that the Japanese government has no policy on home schooling, but that the constitution says parents have a duty to make sure their children are educated. The government prefers Japanese to send their children to public or private schools, he said, but won’t force them to do so. “So far, our government [education] policy is focused on other areas, like how to address absenteeism or dropouts, or violence and bullying,” he said. “These are more serious problems.”
Although religion is a prime reason to home-school in the United States, that’s often not the case elsewhere, according to a special issue on home schooling that the British journal Evaluation and Research in Education published last year. Paula Rothermel, a researcher at the school of education at the University of Durham in England, found only about 4 percent of the 412 British home-schooling families she surveyed said religion was a motive for home schooling. Nearly 31 percent cited disappointment with regular schools.
The special issue describes research on the modern home-schooling movement in Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany, Israel, South Africa, Sweden, and the United States. In the last five to 10 years, the number of home-schooling families has increased dramatically in North America and in Great Britain and other countries, writes David Galloway, the journal’s acting editor, in the special issue.
Schooling in Secret
The home-schooling movement in the United States—including the HSLDA—has
helped pave the way.
“Compulsory school attendance exists in Germany, and home schooling
is not allowed,” he writes. Mr. Spiegler estimates that about 500 children
are home-schooled in Germany “in secret, with tacit toleration by the local
authorities or with legal consequences, ranging from a fine to partial
loss of child custody, or even the possibility of a prison sentence.”
“We are in quite a cultural war here in Germany,” Mr. Guenther said
in an e-mail to Education Week last month. Our organization “has been very
busy in the courts representing families who only want to apply their constitutional
rights to educate their children at home, thus protecting them from the
liberal agenda being foisted upon them by the government schools.”
Mr. Klicka said that he and other American home-schooling parents can
relate to what the German families are going through, and that’s what motivates
them to want to help.
| LE GUIDE-ANNUAIRE | Commande | Commande express sécurisée | Documentation| Présentation | SOMMAIRE |
| Le nouveau sirop-typhon : déplacements de populations ? chèque-éducation ? ou non-scolarisation ? |
| Pluralisme scolaire et "éducation alternative" | Jaune devant, marron derrière : du PQ pour le Q.I. |
| Le lycée "expérimental" de Saint-Nazaire | Le collège-lycée "expérimental" de Caen-Hérouville|
| L'heure de la... It's time for ... Re-creation | Freinet dans (?) le système "éducatif" (?) |
| Changer l'école | Des écoles différentes ? Oui, mais ... pas trop !| L'école Vitruve |
| Colloque Freinet à ... Londres | Des écoles publiques "expérimentales" |
| 68 - 98 : les 30 P-l-eureuses | Et l'horreur éducative ? |